How to Build a Model of a Cotton Gin
Jun 22, · In this video I will showcase a homemade cotton gin and tell how it connects to the African American thismestory.comE:unavailable until further noticeMy o. Cut about 1/2 inch off the top of each the two long sides so the short sides of the box are taller than the long sides. This is the base of the cotton gin. Set aside cut pieces from the sides of the base. Cut a piece of cardboard to fit as a lid on your cotton gin model.
This is great! Something I've wanted to do ever since moving to Georgia. Would you consider producing plans or a kit? Thanks Dan, My wife has almost talked me into producing a pattern. Stay tuned. How to make a cotton gin can put together but do not available tools to cut out stuff E-mail me at Mred gmail. I am a history teacher and would like to have this to show my students It's a square steel shaft on the pulley side of the drum and a screw on the opposite side.
Yes indeed. Works great. Check out the youtube video and see for yourself. The link is at the bottom of this posting. Thanks for your interest.
Greetings, Do you mean after you build it yourself? Greetings again, After tracing around a pattern, I roughly cut them out with tin snips and then filed the contours of the blade teeth with a rat-tail file. Time consuming but worth it. They have nice aggressive teeth. I suppose you could use some ready-made sawblades if you could find them.
Do you have kits or ready made ones? I received 2 lawn bags full of cotton and need to process it. The best I can offer is the plan we sell on www. Good Luck! Greetings and thanks for your interest. It took me about two and a half days to build the cotton gin once I worked everything out on paper and had all of the materials gathered.
Can you send me an email of the supplies how to make a cotton gin used to make your cotton gin My email is Christian. Hay this is me again I just figured that you can not email me at that email address Sorry. Can you send the information to waynemayo yahoo. Hello Christian, The supplies you need are listed in the plan you can purchase from us on Etsy as noted in the blog posting. If you are trying to figure this out without a plan, all I can tell you is everything is available at any hardware store and lumber yard.
I bought the plans but I have a problem. I can't seem to adjust the print settings on my printer. Could you e- mail the actual measurements of the patterns to me?
I can figure it how to lose weight at the age of 12 from there. Thanks, Bigdan43 comcast. Hello Jim i am a student in an Biotech class trying to build your cotton jim with your plans. How to make a cotton gin have ran into a slight problem with the measurements of the cut out piece and the measurement you have given for the saw blades.
I was wandering if there was a mistake in the measurements given or with the cut out Could you please Email me back at hamlinc go.
I would like to have one of my own but I don't have any how to make homemade fog so it's not easy to get the supplies for building it I was wondering if you could send me one and I'll send you some cotton seed in return I have plenty of seed. Do you mind sending me a list? Hi Jim, I would like to purchase these plans but I can't find them anymore.
Can you let me know where they are available for purchase please? Greetings, You can find them on Ebay. Just look for Cotton Gin Plan. Hello and welcome to my blog. What I'm doing here is documenting my personal expression of "hands-on history" from a craftsman's perspective. I've been on this path for a large part of my life and it's taken me to some interesting and challenging places.
I hope to share the processes and the historically inspired objects I've crafted along this journey into our past. This adventure has deepened my appreciation for past craftsmanship and the intelligence of common place things in Early America.
Besides, now I have all this cool stuff to play teach with. Jim Miller. My wife's consuming interest in history rivals mine at times and her latest endeavor is a good case in point.
She is currently raising a mini-crop of naturally colored organic cotton to learn about the how to make a cotton gin and its product. Some of Lindy's Cotton, Day 67 Photo by Lindy Miller Further along into this project she hopes to become a good cotton spinner as well. Since cotton comes with seeds mixed in the fibers, my part in all this is to build her a working model of Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin.
That way, she can process her anticipated cotton bolls with historic flair and eventually do demonstrations as well. Before its invention, cotton seeds had to be laboriously removed from the fiber by hand. In general, this time-consuming process held back any large scale production of cotton until Whitney's revolutionary machine arrived. Once mechanical ginning was established, cotton production soared in the South.
Some historians today name the Cotton Gin as the root cause of the Civil War. I think that's a bit of a stretch but it did play a part in the expansion of slavery even though it was intended to reduce labor. In order to build a working model, I had to understand the basic function of the Gin.
The three key elements in Whitney's design are the rotating claw-like hooks that grab the cotton fiber how to make a cotton gin, the slotted comb that they rotate through the narrow width of the comb's spacing keeps the seeds from being pulled through by the hooks and the rotating brushes that remove the seedless ginned fiber from the hooks.
Two original models of the Gin have survived, one is the patent model and the other a later version used in the court battles against infringement. After studying the few pictures of the models online, I finally figured out the mysterious curved, springy comb that allows the ginned seeds to fall through.
I drove wire nails into a large dowel and cut them to length. After bending them all into directional hooks, it how to choose a lawn mower to look pretty good. What I discovered was, the hooks tended to rotate, which doomed their chances of proper alignment with the all important comb.
Whitney had used flat metal hooks but I didn't see myself cutting out a bazillion of those little things. Once stacked, I ran two small steel rods through on either side of center and riveted their ends over washers. I constructed the housing box of 1" x 6" 2 pine and sized the inside to accomodate the length of the drum. I could only guess at the overall size of the box as this was quickly becoming a design as-you-go project.
Next came cutting out the steel comb, which had to be curved to hug the drum but still allow the free motion of the hooks.
The rotating brush drum was created using a 2" dowel and four sawed out sections of a new scrub brush. Little by little, it was starting to come together. The previously mentioned curved, spring comb thingy had to angle into the rotating hook drum at such a degree to cradle the raw cotton.
I made mine removable as that's what the orignal model appears to have. The Finished Model Cotton Gin Showing the Completed Brush Drum and Pulleys Last but not least was the crank handle mounted on the hook drum shaft on one side and the two pulleys on the other.
The ratio of my pulleys is approximately 2. For a belt, I used a rubber band and twisted it in the middle to reverse the direction of the brush drum pulley as per the orignal design. Luckily, my gnats what do they look like had some unginned cotton bolls so we didn't have to wait months for her crop to mature.
Cranking away, it made this great primitive machine noise and the best part was Mission accomplished! Frontier Carpenter June 12, at PM. Jim July 13, at AM. Unknown October 17, at AM. Unknown November 20, at PM. Jim November 20, at PM. Unknown November 21, at PM. Jim November 21, at PM. Anonymous April 14, at PM. Jim April 15, at AM. Anonymous May 14, at PM. Jim May 15, at PM. Anonymous November 20, at PM. Anonymous May 19, at PM. Jim May 20, at PM. Anonymous July 4, at AM.
Jun 12, · Cotton Gin. Image Courtesy thismestory.com Patented in , the Cotton Gin in retrospect has a dark side to its history. Before its invention, cotton seeds had to be laboriously removed from the fiber by hand. In general, this time-consuming process held back any large scale production of cotton until Whitney's revolutionary machine arrived. Jul 05, · How I process home grown cotton on my small hand-crank gin. Gin from here: thismestory.com Though be warned, mine arrived. Dec 05, · Items Needed Step 1: Prepare the Bottle You need to wash your bottle or your container thoroughly in hot soapy water. Next you need Step 2: Make Your Gin.
It is illegal to distill spirits at home. This guide is meant as a hypothetical walk-through. Our team at Mile Hi Distilling, loves helping people who are passionate about spirits by providing top quality supplies and helpful how-to guides.
You can make a great batch of gin with patience, attention to detail and by carefully following this guide. Be sure to plan thoroughly and execute carefully to get the most out of your distilling process. Browse By Step. Originally, the recreational juniper berry water was derived from distilled wine instead of grain.
The colder weather made harvesting grape plants much more difficult for farmers in Europe. Therefore the Dutch were unable to import the amount of wine necessary to create juniper berry water. The end result was to shift to a grain-based spirit. Generally, genever has a more malty flavor profile due to having a higher malt wine content than modern day dry gins. There are two basic categories of genever. Oude and Jonge. He hailed from the Netherlands and naturally drank genever.
He banned the importation of French Brandy when he declared war on France in May of The overall result? If we flash forward to the nineteenth century, Genever was still widely consumed in taverns across the United States.
This new style, along with the British advent of the cocktail gave rise to popular mixed drinks such as the Manhattan, Martini, and the Tom Collins. Even with the soaring popularity of cocktails and mixed drinks across the country, the 18th amendment, passed in , prohibited the production, sale, and distribution of any alcoholic spirits in the United States.
Though the national prohibition of alcohol ended in , the impact of the past legislation is felt even in recent years. Only in the last decade has there been a rebirth in craft distilling across the U. With more and more distillers experimenting and creating their own style of gin, there has never been a better time for the modern-day cocktail connoisseur. Check out our how to make gin video walkthrough with Mitch from Downslope Distilling.
A great gin starts with a great mash. As a result, there are a ton of different variations of mash types to choose from when making gin. Most gins are made using a variety of grain such as corn, barley or wheat. Although, there are many exceptions to this as well. Distilleries have been known to use honey, molasses, apples, potatoes, grapes, carrots and many other ingredients in their gin mash bills.
But feel free to use whatever ingredients you would like to for the first phase of distillation. Store your gin mash and let ferment for 1 to 2 weeks. Use the method below to ensure a successful fermentation phase. Check Fermentation: After 1 week of fermentation, take a bit of liquid no solids from the top of your gin mash. Put the liquid on a white plate or lid.
Drip several drops of iodine into the liquid. If the liquid turns blue, this is because the iodine has reacted with starches still in your gin mash. This indicates that the mash still requires further fermentation. Repeat this process every few days until the fermentation stage is complete no blue liquid.
Once your fermentation produces alcohol, you can test the ABV alcohol by volume of the mix using a hydrometer. Note: Discard your test sample. Do not add it back into your whiskey mash! Siphon some mash water out of your mixture, leaving behind ALL solid material and sediments, and into a container to adjust pH. At this step, you should use a cheesecloth to strain your gin mash water.
Leaving solid materials or sediment in your gin mash water will cause problems with the distillation phase. Advanced Tip! Some distillers will add 2tsp of gypsum to their gin mash water at this point.
They then test the pH of their mash water. The ideal pH is 5. Use citric acid to adjust the pH down and calcium carbonate to bring it up. This is where things get very exciting and experimental! Botanicals are the ingredients that set gin apart from other spirits like moonshine and vodka. Every gin has a different blend of botanical ingredients.
Some of the most popular gin botanicals that distillers prefer to use in their spirits include:. At Mile Hi Distilling, we carry a large selection of botanicals that you can use to make your own gin. Go with your own sensibilities here! Try different mixes and add in the botanicals that you prefer. Collect all of your botanical ingredients together and place them aside for now. So far so good! These include types alcohols such as acetaldehyde, acetone, and methanol. These undesirable alcohols can cause blindness if consumed.
Unfortunately, because many people do skip the prepping and cleaning step, it causes their product to be subpar in the end. Below is a great walkthrough from our friends at Barley and Hops Brewing. Building good habits early on in your distilling routine is smart. Then wrap your crushed botanical mix into a folded piece of cheesecloth.
Be sure to fold the sides of the cheesecloth upward to make a small satchel. Tie a string around the top of your small botanical satchel. Lower your botanical cheesecloth satchel down the column onto the copper packing using the string.
If you are using a still with a site glass section, clamp it below the section of your column with the copper packing. We highly recommend using a siphon for this process. This method is the best way to reduce the amount of sediment from your fermented gin mash water getting into the still.
Leaving particles and sediments in the mash water will cause the distillate to burn and ruin your product, so be diligent during this step. Ensure that your still is properly set for this step.
Secure all clamps and domes and make sure condensers are properly attached, as well as any hoses. After that, dial up your heat source to high until your still starts producing. Time your drips as they speed up until you reach 3 to 5 drips per second. Distilling gin is a fascinating process. Distilling separates different alcohol chemicals by taking advantage of different evaporation temperatures points between the chemicals.
The distilling process is not actually creating the alcohol itself. The alcohol was already created during the fermentation process. Distilling simply separates the different forms of alcohol from all of the other substances in your gin mash water.
As a result, a purified and stronger spirit is created. Collecting your gin distillate is where all of your hard work pays off. Being both a mixture of art and science, this process can be challenging for a new distiller.
You know what they say. Foreshots contain methanol which is an extremely volatile and toxic alcohol. As a standard practice, a good rule of thumb is to throw out the first ml per 5 gallons as this part of your run will consist of these foreshots. The foreshots can be recognized by their solvent smell. Be sure to isolate the foreshots thoroughly and throw them out.
Consuming methanol can cause an array of issues including blindness. Similar to the foreshots, the heads of your run are filled with volatile alcohols. One of the staples of the heads is a particularly volatile alcohol known as acetone.
Acetone has a distinct, solvent-like smell, making its identification pretty easy to recognize. The alcohol produced during this duration will consist of only foreshots and heads.
This is where a skillful distiller really shines. Maximizing high-quality hearts is a game of senses. You can recognize the hearts by their sweet and neutral flavor. By accurately identifying where the acetone stops and the ethanol begins, a distiller will maximize the number of high quality jars of product they collect.
You can recognize the tails by sight, smell and taste. Dialing in the ABV alcohol by volume of your gin is important so you know the exact proof of every bottle that you produce.
Once you know the current alcohol content of your gin distillate, you can use this handy calculator to determine exactly how much water to add.