Should You Smoke Weed When You’re Pregnant?
May 15, · These may include: low birth weight premature birth small head circumference small length stillbirth. Oct 13, · Use of marijuana during pregnancy can also make you dizzy and alter your judgment, putting you at risk of falls or other injury. Smoking marijuana can damage your lungs and cause breathing problems too.
Using marijuana during pregnancy poses health risks for you and your baby. Marijuana — also called weed, pot, or cannabis — isn't any less dangerous than wjat harmful drugs because it's "natural. Most parents wouldn't dream of feeding marijuana to their baby after birth. Even though we don't know what is the frost line in minnesota what the effect would be, common sense tells us it's not a good idea.
The same caution applies while you're pregnant. After your baby's born, it's not safe to smokong marijuana while you're breastfeeding either. The main psychoactive ingredient in pot — the ingredient that makes people "high" — is tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.
Weed may also be contaminated with how to use windows contacts drugs or herbicides that could harm your baby — even if you buy marijuana legally. How to pray in faith you use marijuana when you're pregnant, THC crosses the placenta into your baby's bloodstream.
An estimated 10 to 30 percent of the How to get teacher certification in texas in your system could reach your baby.
And babies are much more vulnerable to the effects of chemicals and toxins than adults. Note: Vaping weed or using e-cigarettes is especially dangerous because vaping has been linked to serious lung problems and deaths. Medical experts advise against using all marijuana products while pregnant, including those containing only cannabidiol, or CBD, what is pravastatin sodium for an active ingredient.
It's also touted for treating a variety of health issues. The problem is we don't know if it's safe dffects use CBD during pregnancy. There isn't enough research to know its effects, and Xide may prregnant a risk to your baby. One study showed that CBD may cause the placenta to be more permeable, making it easier for other drugs and contaminants in your body to reach your baby.
Unfortunately, marijuana use in pregnancy has become increasingly common, putting more babies at risk of exposure. Nationally, self-reported how to deworm newborn puppies use among pregnant women what are side effects of smoking weed while pregnant doubled between andfrom 3.
Researchers what are side effects of smoking weed while pregnant that today about whilf in 20 women uses weed during pregnancy, and usage is even higher among to year-olds, among unmarried women, and in poor urban neighborhoods. Stories on social media about women using marijuana during pregnancy to relieve pregnancy symptoms may also be influencing the increase. Although there is no evidence that smokkng is safe or effective at treating certain pregnancy issues, women have reported using weed for morning sicknessanxiety, and stress.
Unfortunately, these anecdotes can give the mistaken impression that pot use during pregnancy is safe. Some people mistakenly believe that marijuana is harmless because it's derived from a plant. This isn't true. Marijuana use during pregnancy can affect you and your baby in many negative ways. In a study of more than 5, women who used marijuana during their pregnancies, Canadian researchers found that, compared to pregnant women who did not use pot, the pregnant women who used weed had:.
Not all studies have identified ill effects from marijuana sise during pregnancy. There's no evidence that ars marijuana during pregnancy has any benefits, and experts agree that the risks of using pot during pregnancy far outweigh any potential upsides.
Some women say that weed helps relieve pregnancy symptoms such as morning sickness, but there's no research to confirm this. Because of the dangers associated with marijuana use, experts recommend trying safer remedies for morning sickness. If nondrug options don't work, talk to your healthcare provider about anti-nausea medications you can take while pregnant.
Anecdotally, some pregnant women report using weed to relieve other pregnancy symptoms such as achiness and loss of appetite.
Again, there are no studies to support these claims. The use of CBD in pregnancy has not been studied well, so it is unknown if wwed marijuana poses less risk to the baby than recreational marijuana. If you use medical marijuana, talk with pf healthcare provider about other treatments that are safer to use during pregnancy. You may become pregnant and not realize it right away.
Even in the early weeks of the first trimester, marijuana could impact your baby's health. Whilf, THC gets stored in your fat and is released for a while after whar stop using marijuana estimates range from two days to several monthsso it's a good idea to give up weed a while before your pregnancy. It's a good idea to seek what are side effects of smoking weed while pregnant from pdegnant trusted provider as whatt as possible to protect your health and the health of your baby. What are side effects of smoking weed while pregnant encourages doctors to be understanding and offer help to pregnant women who use marijuana or other drugs.
In most cases, healthcare providers will offer advice and resources to help you quit and find alternative treatments for any ailments you're using pot for. If you're uncomfortable with your provider's attitude about marijuana use during pregnancy, you have the right to seek a different provider. Note: Providers in some states may be required to report you to child welfare authorities if they suspect you are misusing drugs, so it's good to be familiar with your state's policies how to knit a cloche hat substance use during pregnancy.
Experts recommend quitting marijuana altogether smoklng you're pregnant because there's no known safe dosage. Effecta you're having trouble, seek help from a trusted healthcare provider. There can be legal risks to marijuana use. Marijuana is illegal under federal law. To find out about the state law where you live, check the Guttmacher Institute's summary of state policies. In at least 23 states and the District prdgnant Columbia, using drugs during pregnancy is considered child abuse.
Women risk prregnant custody of their children, and smokinh states require women who use drugs during pregnancy to undergo what does a pimp do drug treatment.
At least one state whlle criminal charges. In Colorado, for example, where marijuana is sold legally, hospitals may notify child protective services if your baby tests positive for THC at birth. Unfortunately, cannabis dispensaries may be adding to pregnant women's confusion about weed, recommending it wyat use in pregnancy and directly contradicting the warnings of medical experts. In one sidde, researchers posing as pregnant women called randomly selected cannabis dispensaries, and more than two-thirds of dispensaries recommended using marijuana for morning sickness.
Dispensary employees are not pregnantt medical professionals. Salespeople may have recommended marijuana simply because they're not properly informed about the risks. Always seek the advice of your healthcare provider before using any kind of drug or supplement during your pregnancy.
It's difficult to study the specific effects of using pot during pregnancy for several reasons, including:. Will using marijuana affect our chances of getting pregnant?
What happens if I'm high during labor? Is marijuana from a dispensary safer than the street drug? How do I childproof smokig edibles? What do I do if my child eats something with weed in it? AAP raises concerns about increasing marijuana use during pregnancy and breastfeeding. American Academy of Pediatrics. Marijuana and pregnancy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Bailey B. What you need to know about marijuana pregnqnt and pregnancy.
Centers preynant Disease Control and Prevention. Corsi DJ, et al. Association between self-reported prenatal cannabis use and maternal, perinatal, what are side effects of smoking weed while pregnant neonatal outcomes. Journal of the American Medical Association 2 : Guttmacher Institute. Substance use during pregnancy. Rodriguez CE, et al. Marijuana use in young sidf and adverse pregnancy outcomes: A retrospective cohort study.
BJOG 1, Ryan S, et al. Marijuana use during pregnancy and breastfeeding: Implications for neonatal and childhood outcomes. Pediatrics 3. Sharapova S, et al. Effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on neuropsychological outcomes in children aged years: A systematic review. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 32 6 : Volkow N, et al. Self-reported medical and non-medical cannabis use among pregnant women in the United States. JAMA 2 Join now to personalize.
By Claudia Boyd-Barretthealth editor. Photo credit: iStock. How is a baby exposed to marijuana during pregnancy? THC passes from you to your baby if you're using weed effecrs any way, including: Smoking a joint Dabbing: using concentrated cannabis oil Vaping: inhaling cannabis vapor using a vaporizing pen or similar device Consuming marijuana edibles or drinking cannabis-infused beverages edibles such as cookies, brownies, or how to make a homemade airplane are not safer than smoking, dabbing, or vaping weed — the THC still crosses the placenta Even applying creams or lotions containing marijuana to your skin can potentially be a problem.
What about cannabis products that contain only cannabidiol CBD? Are more women using weed during pregnancy? Legalization of marijuana in many states may be contributing to the rise in use.
What are the effects of using marijuana while pregnant? Smoking marijuana or tobacco while pregnant raises carbon monoxide levels in your blood. This can reduce the amount of oxygen that your developing baby receives, which can adversely affect your baby's growth.
What if it's medical marijuana?
Mar 14, · As a result, usage is rising in the general population, including among pregnant women. A lot of women wonder if smoking weed – or consuming marijuana in another form – is OK during pregnancy. While estimates are tricky, four to 10 percent of women currently report using marijuana while pregnant. Apr 21, · What are the effects of smoking weed when pregnant? For the fetus, daily marijuana use during pregnancy may lead to "an increased risk of low birth . Aug 14, · Medical studies out last month reported a sharp increase in the number of pregnant women smoking weed and a doubled risk of preterm births.
Corrections and clarifications: An earlier version of this story misidentified the meaning of the acronym NIDA. It stands for the National Institute on Drug Abuse. The only way she could keep food down was by smoking marijuana, which also helped with her depression.
Friends warned Child Protective Services might start investigating her. But it seemed worth the risk, especially given the reported effects of some prescription nausea and depression drugs. As more communities legalize or decriminalize marijuana use across the country, federal regulators and many doctors, however, say pot is not a risk worth taking while pregnant.
Studies out this summer in the Journal of the American Medical Association also reported a sharp increase in the number of pregnant women smoking marijuana and an alarming link between cannabis use and preterm births, defined as 37 weeks or earlier. Canadian researchers compared the outcomes of birth by 5, mothers who reported cannabis use during pregnancy with 92, mothers who said they didn't use it.
The authors concluded marijuana is "likely unsafe" because preterm births were twice as common in marijuana users vs. That's despite finding a positive effect between marijuana use and lower incidences of preeclampsia — a dangerous condition that includes high blood pressure — and gestational diabetes,. Between and , pregnant women who used marijuana in the previous month increased from 3.
There are more than 16, members of the group "Ganja Mamas" on the What to Expect website. She also works at the USC Medical Center, where an increasing percentage of her patients smoke marijuana during pregnancy.
She has had patients who were on medication for depression and anxiety or even prescriptions for epilepsy who stopped taking them for the "more natural choice" of marijuana, despite the lack of knowledge about exactly what's in even medical marijuana. Car crashes, psychosis, suicide: Is the drive to legalize marijuana ignoring major risks?
Doctors are especially worried because THC — tetrahydrocannabinol, the ingredient in marijuana that gets people high — crosses the placenta. That means babies' brains could be being altered, says Dr. Louis, Mo. The parts of the brain exposed are involved in emotion processing and executive functioning, Rogers says. Recent studies looking at older children related behavioral problems to exposure to marijuana in utero, she says.
Yet even doctors who support medical marijuana say medical professionals aren't warning women enough. They say there is misinformation and an overall lack of information on using cannabis products during pregnancy. Medical marijuana is now legal in 33 states. Jordan Tishler, president of the Association of Cannabis Specialists and an advocate for legalizing medical marijuana.
Tishler, an emergency physician who teaches at Harvard Medical School, says marijuana dispensaries push their products for all sorts of ailments, including nausea caused by morning sickness.
CBD hype: Is this hemp plant derivative snake oil or a legit remedy? Prescription opioid overdoses drop as fentanyl deaths skyrocket. In the NIH study, officials called dispensaries and told them that they were pregnant and suffering from extreme nausea.
Transcriptions of phone conversations were recorded. Dispensary employees also sometimes told women to consult with their health care provider, but few did so without being prompted.
Carmen, who is four months' pregnant in Georgia, had to be hospitalized to treat nausea during her first pregnancy six years ago. She decided to use marijuana during her pregnancy now because she's afraid about pharmaceutical side effects and also doesn't want to be hospitalized again. Carmen had to triple the dose of the prescription drug Zofran during her first pregnancy to relieve her extreme symptoms.
She was so nauseous that she couldn't consume food for long periods of time. Carmen says she researched side effects of marijuana on the fetus when figuring out whether to use cannabis during pregnancy.
But she says the studies she saw covered both smoking marijuana and smoking cigarettes, without differentiating. What especially worried Carmen were reports about birth defects in babies whose mothers had taken Zofran, the brand name for odansetron.
But Samantha Parker, assistant professor of epidemiology at Boston University and lead author of a study on odansetron, "this is a relatively safe medication for treatment of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. In fact, HHS' Gandotra says ondansetron and Phenergan, the branded version of promethazine, are his top choices for nausea in pregnant women. The others are diphenhydramine and metoclopramide. There is more data on the possible effects of prescription drugs on fetuses compared with effects from cannabis, even though doing actual studies on pregnant women raises ethical concerns.
HHS' National Institute of Drug Abuse awarded grants to four universities, including the University of Washington, to study pregnant women who smoked marijuana during pregnancy with other pregnant women who didn't. Pamela McColl, a Canadian child rights activist, is working with an international group of physicians and the advocacy group Smart Approaches to Marijuana to stop the research because something that puts babies at risk shouldn't be done unless it's a medical necessity. She also says the researchers have a responsibility to report the very women they are studying under mandatory reporting laws.
Tricia Wright, a Hawaii doctor who runs a research center for pregnant women struggling with substance addiction, says patients tell her their doctors haven't told them cannabis use during pregnancy isn't safe. National Institute for Drug Abuse Director Nora Volkow says marijuana during pregnancy "Is not worth the risk" but defended the agency's research funding because "I don't want us to cry wolf. With mixed messaging on marijuana, pregnant women in need of relief are not able to make fully informed decisions, physicians say.
Rogers stressed that women experiencing side effects of pregnancy need to speak with an obstetrician. Many, however, are reticent about speaking to their doctors about marijuana use. Online pregnancy groups are filled with women worried about what will happen if they test positive for pot. Claire Alcindor says that's one of the reasons she is so skeptical about the research on marijuana — there's a far larger universe of babies she believes are unaffected by the exposure and not considered because their mothers didn't speak up.
Alcindor, whose content creation firm is called Big Black Brands, is also the owner of Zarico herbal skin care products, which include postpartum baths. She has about 10, followers on Facebook, where "I always share my story" of her natural lifestyle, including home births. The moms were a lot more calm, able to eat, able to be happier. Facebook Twitter Email. Weed while pregnant: Far more common and concerning than many realize.
Show Caption. Hide Caption. The amount of pregnant women using marijuana has doubled, study says. The amount of women using marijuana during their pregnancies in the United State has doubled. Share your feedback to help improve our site!