Apr 15, †Ј Grand Turk Island Facts. Location: Grand Turk is a British Overseas Territory and the capital of the Turks & Caicos Islands located miles southeast of Miami, Florida and 30 miles south of the thismestory.com Turk is one of 40 islands that form the Turks and Caicos archipelago. Size: The island is approximately 7 miles long and miles wide. Since , Grand Turk has been the capital of the Turks and Caicos Islands. Originally founded by Bermudian salt collectors in , the island still retains a colonial heritage through its colonial buildings and old salt salinas. Donkeys and horses, once the only Area: mi? (18 km?).
It consists of two groups of islands lying on the southeastern periphery of The Bahamasof which they form a physical part, and north of the island of Hispaniola. The islands include eight large cays keys and numerous smaller cays, islets, reefs, banks, and rocks. Cockburn Townon Grand Turkis the seat of government and main commercial centre. Area at high tide, square miles square km ; at low tide, square miles square km.
Only six of the larger cays and two of the smaller cays are inhabited. More than four-fifths of the population lives on three islands: South Caicos, Providenciales commonly called Provoand Grand Turk. The islands are low-lying and formed by coral reefs. They are characterized by numerous how to cut video into parts features, including banana holes what country does grand turk belong to sinkholes containing rich soilcaves, caverns, and sea cliffs.
There is little arable land. Aragonite, a type of calcium carbonate, is found on the shallow banks off West Caicos. The highest elevation is feet 50 metresat Blue How many atoms in the human body, on Providenciales. The long, sandy beaches of the archipelago are numerous and renowned among tourists. Reefs surround the islands. The climate is tropical savanna.
The easterly trade winds moderate the climate. The Turks and Caicos are the driest islands in the Bahamas chain. Annual precipitation averages about 29 inches mm at Grand Turk, and drinking water is in short supply. During hurricane tropical cyclone season, between the months of June and November, severe weather can cause beach erosion and property damage. Devastating storms occur only infrequently, such as inwhen Hurricanes Hanna and Ike hit the islands; in particular, Grand Turk, Providenciales, and South Caicos sustained widespread and severe damage.
The types of vegetation encountered on the islands include scrub xerophytic shrubscoppice, savanna, and marsh-swamp. Mangroves, cacti, and Caribbean pines are found, and beefwood trees Casuarina have been planted as windbreaks. Terrestrial animal life consists mostly of insects especially butterflies and mosquitoesiguanas and other lizards, and birds notably flamingos ; the islands are on several migratory bird routes.
The surrounding waters and coral reefs abound in spiny lobsters, conchs, snappers, groupers, and other food fishes. More than nine-tenths of the population is of African heritage.
The majority of the population is Christian; the main religious denominations are BaptistMethodist, and Anglican. English is the official language. Population growth has been pronounced on Providenciales since the s largely as a result of the expanding tourism industry, which has attracted migrants from around the Caribbean, particularly Haiti.
Turks and Caicos underwent rapid economic growth in the two decades between the mids and the early 21st century, which was reflected in an average annual increase of 8 percent in its gross domestic product GDP during that period.
The major factor contributing to this burgeoning prosperity was the rise of tourism and offshore financial services, two sectors on which the economy now relies heavily.
Growth was enabled by large foreign investment and commercial land development, much of which has taken place on Providenciales. Lack of arable land restricts agriculture on the islands, though corn maizebeans, cassavafruits, and other subsistence crops are grown on the western Caicos Islands. Much land is unused, and beef cattle graze in many rough, uneven areas. Seafood is the major source of protein. Traditional livelihoods include boatbuilding and fishing for spiny lobsterconchjack, snapper, and other marine life.
Lobster and conch are exported, but most food and other basic goods are imported. There is no income or company tax, and the government promotes the growth of offshore finance, including banking, insurance, and trust companies. More than 10, international businesses were registered in the islands in the early 21st century.
Turks and Caicos has several international airports, including the main point of entry on Providenciales and others on Grand Turk, North Caicos, and South Caicos. All the other islands except East Caicos have smaller airstrips accommodating domestic flights.
In the early 21st century the country received several hundred thousand stopover tourists annually. Newer port facilities have opened on Salt Cay and on Providenciales. The terms of the Turks and Caicos Islands Constitution Order of provide for a governor, who is to represent the British monarch as head of state and bear responsibility for external affairs, internal security, defense, what country does grand turk belong to financial services, and the appointment of public officers.
The executive branch also includes a cabinet, headed by the governor, that also includes a premier appointed by the governor, the attorney generalthe deputy governor, and up to six other ministers, who are members of the legislature appointed by the governor on the advice of the premier.
The unicameral legislature, the House of Assembly, consists of 21 members: 15 directly elected, four appointed, one ex officio the attorney generaland the speaker, who is elected to that position by the legislature. The speaker can be either a member of the legislature not serving in the cabinet or a person from outside the legislature.
Education is compulsory what country does grand turk belong to children ages 4 to Primary education is provided free in government schools. Students from the islands can also attend any of the campuses of the University of the West Indies.
Grand Turk has a hospital, and there are health clinics on several of the islands. Aquatic sportsЧsailing, game fishing, and, especially, scuba diving among the coral reefs Чare popular and attract many tourists to the islands. Traditional island music incorporates Haitian and African influences, and live music at hotels and clubs is popular among local people. The Turks and Caicos National Museum, located on Grand Turk, displays collections on a variety of historical subjects, sponsors research projects in areas such as the slave trade and island industries, and maintains an archive of historical documents and images.
There are radio stations based on several of the islands, and television is available via satellite. The diary of Christopher Columbus a document that was lost and partially reconstructed indicates that he reached the islands in According to Columbus, many of the Turks and Caicos islands, along with the rest of the Bahamas chain, were inhabited by an indigenous people, the Arawakan -speaking Lucayan Taino.
Within a generation of European contact, the Lucayan Taino had died off from the ill effects of colonization, including introduced diseases and what are the main function of the endocrine system by the Spanish. Few Europeans lived there untilwhen settlers from Bermuda arrived and established a solar-evaporated salt industry.
Royalist sympathizers from the United States arrived in the Caicos Islands after the American Revolution Ч83 and how long does it take to cook frozen tamales cotton plantations worked by the African-descended slaves they brought with them.
In the islands were annexed by the Bahama Islands government, but in they were granted a separate charter. In the meantime slavery had been abolished Ч43and the plantation owners left the islands, though their former slaves remained. After a period of financial difficulties, the colony was placed under the authority of the British governor-general at KingstonJamaica Ч ; because ships voyaging between England and Jamaica passed the Turks and Caicos, communication with Kingston was much easier than it was with Nassau in the Bahamas.
The islands became a crown colony in when Jamaica gained independence. Amid preparations for the independence of the Turks and Caicos ina commission was appointed to make recommendations on a new constitution and to consider the future economic direction of the islands.
Inhowever, a new government, which favoured dependent status, was elected on the islands. The move to independence thereby stalled, and the Turks and Caicos continued to be a British overseas territory. Constitutional government was suspended in after allegations that several ministers were implicated in drug smuggling from South America into Florida, but how to rotate image in java was restored in An interim administration, consisting of the governor and a team of Turks what kind of life insurance has cash value Caicos and British advisers, instituted governmental reforms during the suspension period.
During several years of efforts aimed at restoring good governance, a new constitution was drafted; it was approved into take effect on October 15, In June the British authorities determined how to make a cheongsam sufficient changes had been made to allow Turks and Caicos to return to a democratically elected government. Article Contents. Print print Print.
Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. James A. Ferguson See All Contributors Writer and researcher. Editor of The Traveller's Literary Companion See Article History. Britannica Quiz.
Islands and Archipelagos. What are the islands of the Maldives made of? Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. Rugged coastline of the north shore of Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. A blue heron approaching a pile of empty conch shells on a beach at Providenciales, Turks and Caicos.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Competitors, including traditional casinos, soon offered their own online gambling games, which are run by computer programs. Typically, customers must deposit accounts with the operators of such casinos in order to wager most American creditЕ. United Kingdomisland country located off the northwestern coast of mainland Europe.
The United Kingdom comprises the whole of the island of Great BritainЧwhich contains England, Wales, and ScotlandЧas well as the northern portion what country does grand turk belong to the island of Ireland. The name Britain is sometimes used what country does grand turk belong to refer to the UnitedЕ. West Indiescrescent-shaped group of islands more than 2, miles 3, km long separating the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, to the west and south, from the Atlantic Ocean, to the east and north.
From the peninsula of Florida onЕ. History at your fingertips.
Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands
The Turks and Caicos Islands lie southeast of Mayaguana in The Bahamas island chain, northeast of Cuba, and north of the island of Hispaniola. Cockburn Town, the capital since , is situated on Grand Turk Island about 1, kilometres east-southeast of Miami, United States. The islands have a total land area of square kilometres. The Turks and Caicos Islands were inhabited for centuries by native . Discover the unparalleled diving and rustic charm of Grand Turk, the capital of the Turks & Caicos Islands. The island attracts avid divers eager to experience one of the worldТs greatest wall diving meccas, with a drop of nearly feet. This СMount EverestТ of . The Turks and Caicos Islands is a British Overseas Territory, located in the Atlantic Ocean and considered a part of the Caribbean region. With more than 40 small islands and cays, the eight inhabited islands are separated into two island groups; to the east of the Turks Island Passage are the Turks Islands of Grand Turk and Salt Cay and the west are the Caicos Islands South Caicos, Middle Caicos, .
Rent a car or take a leisurely stroll shaded by bougainvillea and yellow elder to fulfill your island exploration. Behold Guanahani Beach, the site of the monumental first landfall of Christopher Columbus during his voyage to the New World in The museum houses vivid exhibits which tell the timeline of the Turks and Caicos Islands history from their Lucayan roots through to modern times.
The museum also features an exhibit of Molasses Reef Wreck, the oldest known European shipwreck discovered in the Western Hemisphere. When booking your vacation you can choose accommodations from luxury villas, colonial style inns or boutique hotels.
You can take a picture with a friendly donkey or enjoy happy hour at a rustic beach shack. Enjoy the best in Turks and Caicos cuisine at one of the local restaurants and immerse yourself in flavorsome island dining experiences.
The Grand Turk Cruise Center consists of a foot pier, the welcome facility and the recreational area. From the remnants of the salt raking industry to the esteemed supremacy of government, the island is the ideal destination to immerse in the best diving, heritage and culture of the Turks and Caicos. You will delight in the old-world allure of the island and its friendly people.
Book Now. Newsletter Stay up-to-date. First Name. Last Name. You can unsubscribe anytime. Skip to content. Grand Turk. World Class Diving. Information Accommodation Restaurants. Memorable Vacation in the Island of Grand Turk When booking your vacation you can choose accommodations from luxury villas, colonial style inns or boutique hotels.
Showing 1 - 20 of All-Inclusives 0. Villas 9. TCI Assured 4. Apply Filters. Blue Breeze Villa. Blue Breeze was built as both a vacation rental and a permanent residence, so it has a full kitchen and all the conveniences you would expect in an open concept home.
It was built new from [Е]. Bohio Dive Resort. Bohio offers Caribbean diving or beach holidays with a difference. There is a private boardwalk down to our private beach. No beach by law [Е]. Crabtree Apartments. Grand Turk Inn. From the hammock swaying under the palms to the complimentary breakfast served each morning to your suite Ч the historic Grand Turk Inn welcomes you to relax in one of their five oceanfront [Е].
Love Villas. Love Villas is a three story building with three two bedroom, two bath Villas located right on the beach. The first floor is the Turtle Villa, which is just 9 steps down to the [Е]. Manta House. At Manta House you can choose from a 1, 2 , or 3 bedroom, self-contained beach bungalow with incredible ocean and sunset views. Close to dive shops and restaurants, all 3 moder [Е]. The bedroom configurations consist of 1 king size ensuite, 1 queen [Е]. Osprey Beach Hotel.
The Osprey Beach Hotel boasts 27 beachfront rooms, many with full kitchens, king size beds or two queen beds, cable television and a fresh water pool overlooking the clear blue water.
Pleas [Е]. Pelican House Grand Turk Co. Pelican House Studio. Reef House. Reef House is located on the charming island of Grand Turk on the leeward part of the Caribbean ocean. Literally 10 steps to soft white sand and brilliant turquoise water. Newly built [Е]. Salt Raker Inn. Using shipwrig [Е]. Priva [Е]. Seabreeze Guesthouse. Your stay at the Seabreeze Guesthouse will be an ideal choice to relax and enjoy the quaint historic charm of Grand Turk. Perfectly located just steps from the beach and a short walk to a v [Е].
Enjoy magnificent ocean views as you drink your morning coffee in the living room or indulge in an evening glass of [Е]. Solomon Porches Guest House. Sunflower Oasis. The Aqua House. Experience the ultimate in comfort and relaxation in Grand Turk at the Aqua House. Located directly on the Beach, the Aqua House Features amenities like large beds in air-conditioned bedroo [Е]. The Arches of Grand Turk. The Arches features 4 [Е]. Show: 20 Showing 1 - 7 of 7. Barbies Restaurant.
Berry's Cafe. Jack's Shack. Konky Joe's. Sandbar Restaurant. Beach Front. Sunshines Resturant and Lounge. Turks Head Inne. Hide Ads Advertise with us. Start typing and press enter to search Search Е. Constant Contact Use. Emails are serviced by Constant Contact.