How Are the Spanish Flu and COVID-19 Alike? Here's What Doctors Say
Oct 12, · Spanish Flu Symptoms The first wave of the pandemic occurred in the spring and was generally mild. The sick, who experienced such typical flu symptoms as chills, fever and fatigue, . Apr 20, · Most of the people that caught the Spanish flu had mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. But a percentage became seriously ill. In the beginning, the epidemic startled doctors since the sick were reporting so many symptoms. Some patients had chills, fever, sore .
Community respiratory virus CRValso known as community-acquired respiratory virus, is a serious concern in institutional settings, most notably hospitals and large medical centers 2. It is a particularly significant problem among patients whose immune systems have been compromised by certain medical conditions or artificially suppressed to facilitate transplant procedures. Although different viruses have been implicated in CRV infections, such infections are united in their tendency to spread rapidly in community settings.
CRV infections, the viruses that cause them and methods that can be used to limit their spread or severity all have been the subjects of scholarly studies what is the spanish flu symptoms the last several decades. A disproportionate number of these studies—both domestic and international—have focused on the threat posed by CRV infections among immunosuppressed patient populations.
Anderson Cancer Center focused on viruses that caused CRV infections in adult bone marrow transplant patients hospitalized what is the spanish flu symptoms the center during two six-month periods in the early s 1. They found that 36 percent of all transplant tue came down with a CRV infection during the first such period, while 26 percent were infected during the second period of surveillance. Almost half of the CRV infections were caused by respiratory synctial virus, how to make a phishing page 18 percent fluu traced to influenza virus and picornaviruses, 9 percent to parainfluenza virus and 6 percent to adenovirus.
The researchers reported that pneumonia—most viral in origin—complicated almost dhat percent of the recorded CRV infection cases. Researchers described HMPV as a paramyxovirus and suggested that further study was necessary to determine the magnitude of its role in CRV infections. In a paper presented at the 43rd annual Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy inSpanish researchers reported a high rate of CRV infections among solid organ transplant patients.
A total of 78 cases of CRV infection were observed, including two patients who had four separate episodes of sapnish and nine patients who had two separate episodes of infection.
In all, 63 of the spansh studied contracted CRV infections, an infection rate of 42 percent. A study published in a issue of Haematologica reported that the severity of CRV infections among stem cell transplant patients who underwent myeloablative conditioning was greater than among those undergoing non-myeloblative procedures.
CRV infections in non-myeloblative patients were found less likely to progress to serious lower respiratory tract complications. Don Amerman has spent his entire professional career in the editorial field. For many years he was an editor and writer for The Journal of Commerce. Monitor the health of your community here. More Articles. Diseases and Injuries. Written by Don Amerman.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
Spanish Flu Symptoms. Symptoms of the Spanish flu, the name given to the flu pandemic, differed from seasonal flu symptoms in surprising ways. While the onset brought about familiar fever, body aches, and a sore throat, the illness progressed quickly to bleeding from the nose or ears and petechial hemorrhages, bleeding under the skin that looked like a spreading red rash. Apr 29, · In general, here are a number of symptoms caused by the Spanish flu: Fever Fatigue Cold colds Dry cough Loss of appetite Sneezing Headache Muscle ache Excessive sweating Nosebleed Throw up Diarrhea Herpes Blue skin Lung edema (lungs filled with fluid) Pneumonia. Jan 28, · The first wave of this pandemic occurred during the spring of , and it was mild. The sick individuals experienced various symptoms, including fatigue, fever, and chills, plus most of them recovered after numerous days. The mortality rate of the first wave was quite low.
The flu was first observed in Europe, the United States and parts of Asia before swiftly spreading around the world. At the time, there were no effective drugs or vaccines to treat this killer flu strain. Citizens were ordered to wear masks, schools, theaters and businesses were shuttered and bodies piled up in makeshift morgues before the virus ended its deadly global march.
Influenza , or flu, is a virus that attacks the respiratory system. The flu virus is highly contagious: When an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks, respiratory droplets are generated and transmitted into the air, and can then can be inhaled by anyone nearby. Additionally, a person who touches something with the virus on it and then touches his or her mouth, eyes or nose can become infected.
Flu outbreaks happen every year and vary in severity, depending in part on what type of virus is spreading. Flu viruses can rapidly mutate. In a typical year, more than , Americans are hospitalized for flu-related complications, and over the past three decades, there have been some 3, to 49, flu-related U. Young children, people over age 65, pregnant women and people with certain medical conditions, such as asthma, diabetes or heart disease, face a higher risk of flu-related complications, including pneumonia, ear and sinus infections and bronchitis.
The first wave of the pandemic occurred in the spring and was generally mild. The sick, who experienced such typical flu symptoms as chills, fever and fatigue, usually recovered after several days, and the number of reported deaths was low.
However, a second, highly contagious wave of influenza appeared with a vengeance in the fall of that same year. Victims died within hours or days of developing symptoms, their skin turning blue and their lungs filling with fluid that caused them to suffocate.
In just one year, , the average life expectancy in America plummeted by a dozen years. One unusual aspect of the flu was that it struck down many previously healthy, young people—a group normally resistant to this type of infectious illness—including a number of World War I servicemen. In fact, more U. Forty percent of the U. Navy was hit with the flu, while 36 percent of the Army became ill, and troops moving around the world in crowded ships and trains helped to spread the killer virus.
The exact numbers are impossible to know due to a lack of medical record-keeping in many places. What is known, however, is that few locations were immune to the flu—in America, victims ranged from residents of major cities to those of remote Alaskan communities.
The Spanish Flu did not originate in Spain , though news coverage of it did. During World War I, Spain was a neutral country with a free media that covered the outbreak from the start, first reporting on it in Madrid in late May of Meanwhile, Allied countries and the Central Powers had wartime censors who covered up news of the flu to keep morale high.
Scientists still do not know for sure where the Spanish Flu originated, though theories point to France, China, Britain, or the United States, where the first known case was reported at Camp Funston in Fort Riley, Kansas, on March 11, Some believe infected soldiers spread the disease to other military camps across the country, then brought it overseas. In March , 84, American soldiers headed across the Atlantic and were followed by , more the following month.
When the flu hit, doctors and scientists were unsure what caused it or how to treat it. Unlike today, there were no effective vaccines or antivirals, drugs that treat the flu. The first licensed flu vaccine appeared in America in the s. By the following decade, vaccine manufacturers could routinely produce vaccines that would help control and prevent future pandemics. Complicating matters was the fact that World War I had left parts of America with a shortage of physicians and other health workers.
And of the available medical personnel in the U. Additionally, hospitals in some areas were so overloaded with flu patients that schools, private homes and other buildings had to be converted into makeshift hospitals, some of which were staffed by medical students. Officials in some communities imposed quarantines, ordered citizens to wear masks and shut down public places, including schools, churches and theaters. People were advised to avoid shaking hands and to stay indoors, libraries put a halt on lending books and regulations were passed banning spitting.
With no cure for the flu, many doctors prescribed medication that they felt would alleviate symptoms… including aspirin , which had been trademarked by Bayer in —a patent that expired in , meaning new companies were able to produce the drug during the Spanish Flu epidemic.
Before the spike in deaths attributed to the Spanish Flu in , the U. Medical professionals advised patients to take up to 30 grams per day, a dose now known to be toxic.
The flu took a heavy human toll, wiping out entire families and leaving countless widows and orphans in its wake. Funeral parlors were overwhelmed and bodies piled up. Many people had to dig graves for their own family members. The flu was also detrimental to the economy. In the United States, businesses were forced to shut down because so many employees were sick.
Basic services such as mail delivery and garbage collection were hindered due to flu-stricken workers. Even state and local health departments closed for business, hampering efforts to chronicle the spread of the flu and provide the public with answers about it.
A devastating second wave of the Spanish Flu hit American shores in the summer of , as returning soldiers infected with the disease spread it to the general population—especially in densely-crowded cities. Without a vaccine or approved treatment plan, it fell to local mayors and healthy officials to improvise plans to safeguard the safety of their citizens. So on September 28, the city went forward with a Liberty Loan parade attended by tens of thousands of Philadelphians, spreading the disease like wildfire.
In just 10 days, over 1, Philadelphians were dead, with another , sick. Only then did the city close saloons and theaters. By March , over 15, citizens of Philadelphia had lost their lives. Louis, Missouri, was different: Schools and movie theaters closed and public gatherings were banned.
Consequently, the peak mortality rate in St. By the summer of , the flu pandemic came to an end, as those that were infected either died or developed immunity. Since , there have been several other influenza pandemics, although none as deadly.
A flu pandemic from to killed around 2 million people worldwide, including some 70, people in the United States, and a pandemic from to killed approximately 1 million people, including some 34, Americans. The novel coronavirus pandemic of is spreading around the world as countries race to find a cure for COVID and citizens shelter in place in an attempt to avoid spreading the disease, which is particularly deadly because many carriers are asymptomatic for days before realizing they are infected.
Clinical Infectious Diseases. The New York Times. Smithsonian Magazine. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Carried by World War I doughboys returning home from Europe, the newly virulent virus spread first from Boston to New York and Philadelphia before traveling West to infect The horrific scale of the influenza pandemic—known as the "Spanish flu"—is hard to fathom. The influenza pandemic of and was the most deadly flu outbreak in history, killing up to 50 million people worldwide.
In the United States, where it ultimately killed around , people, local governments rolled out initiatives to try to stop its spread.
These varied In the spring of , just as the man-made horrors of World War I were finally starting to wind down, Mother Nature unleashed the deadliest strain of influenza in modern history. The virus infected as much as 40 percent of the global population over the next 18 months. Of these, The worst influenza pandemic in history was the Spanish flu of Even today, the seasonal The influenza pandemic of and was a profoundly traumatic event.
Unlike most flu strains, this one was particularly deadly for young adults between ages 20 and 40, meaning that many The flu, or influenza, is a highly contagious viral infection that mainly affects the respiratory system. Though rare, completely new versions of the virus may infect Live TV. This Day In History. History Vault. What Is the Flu? Spanish American War. Spanish Ranchers Bring Cattle to Texas.
How U. When Mask-Wearing Rules in the Pandemic Faced Resistance The influenza pandemic of and was the most deadly flu outbreak in history, killing up to 50 million people worldwide. Why the Flu Became 'America's Forgotten Pandemic' The influenza pandemic of and was a profoundly traumatic event.
Influenza The flu, or influenza, is a highly contagious viral infection that mainly affects the respiratory system.